Anthropology Major Required Courses
112. Introduction to Archaeology. (3h)
Overview of world prehistory, from the earliest stone tools to the appearance of civilization, with an emphasis on the relationship between culture change and the natural environment. (CD, D)
113. Introduction to Biological Anthropology. (3h)
Introduces biological anthropology, including human biology, human variation, human genetics, human evolution, and primatology. (D)
114. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. (3h)
Investigates and interprets the historic cultural diversity of the world’s peoples through an understanding of economic, social, and political systems; law and order, ritual, symbol, and religion; language and culture; kinship and the family; and modernization and culture change. (CD, D)
340. Anthropological Theory. (4h)
Study and evaluation of the major anthropological theories of humans and society. The relevance and significance of these theories to modern anthropology are discussed. P—ANT 112 and 113 and 114, or POI.
390. Student-Faculty Seminar. (3h)
Review of contemporary problems in the fields of archaeology, and biological and cultural anthropology. Senior standing recommended. P—ANT 112, 113 and 114, or POI.

Methods
305. Museum Anthropology. (4h)
Examines the historical, social, and ideological forces shaping the development of museums, including the formation of anthropological collections and representation, and the intellectual and social challenges facing museums today through hands-on use of the Museum’s collections. Lab—4 hours. P—ANT 111 or 112 or 114, or POI.
307. Collections Management Practicum. (1.5h)
The principles of collections management including artifact registration, cataloging, storage, and handling; conservation issues and practices; disaster planning and preparedness; and ethical issues are covered through lectures, readings, workshops, and hands-on use of the Museum’s collections.
315. Artifact Analysis and Laboratory Methods in Archaeology. (4h)
Introduces methods for determining the composition, age, manufacture, and use of different prehistoric and historic artifact types. Techniques for reconstruction of past natural environments from geological or ecofact samples. Explores data display tools including computer-based illustration, GIS, and archaeological photography. P—ANT 111 or 112 or 114, or POI.
342. Development Wars: Applying Anthropology. (3h)
Explores the application of anthropological concepts and methods in the understanding of contemporary problems stemming from cultural diversity, including competing social and economic development models and ideologies of terror. Emphasizes conflict and change in developing areas but also considers the urban experience. (CD)
368. Human Osteology. (4h)
Survey and analysis of human skeletal anatomy, emphasizing archaeological, anthropological, and forensic applications and practice. Lab—4 hours.
378. Conservation Archaeology. (1.5h)
Study of the laws, regulations, policies, programs, and political processes used to conserve prehistoric and historic cultural resources.
380. Anthropological Statistics. (3h)
Basic statistics, emphasizing application in anthropological research. (QR)
381, 382. Field Program in Anthropological Archaeology. (3h, 3h)
Integrated training in archaeological field methods and analytical techniques for researching human prehistory. Students learn archaeological survey, mapping, excavation, recording techniques, and artifact and ecofact recovery and analysis. P—ANT 111 or 112 or 113 or 114, or POI. (D)
383, 384. Field Program in Cultural Anthropology. (3h, 3h)
Comparative study of culture and training in ethnographic and cultural analysis carried out in the field. P—ANT 111 or 112 or 113 or 114, or POI. (CD, D)
387. Ethnographic Research Methods. (3h)
Designed to familiarize students with ethnographic research methods and their application. Considers the epistemological, ethical, political, and psychological aspects of research. Field experience and data analysis. P—ANT 111 or 114.

Subfield Topics
150. Introduction to Linguistics. (3h)
social phenomenon of language: how it originated and developed, how it is learned and used, its relationship to other kinds of behavior; types of language (oral, written, signed) and language families; analysis of linguistic data; and social issues of language use. Also listed as LIN 150. (CD, D)
301. Free Trade, Fair Trade: Independent Entrepreneurs in the Global Market. (3h)
Field-based seminar compares the barriers to market participation experienced by independent entrepreneurs cross-culturally. Free trade policies are contrasted with fair trade practices to determine why so many independent producers have trouble succeeding in a globalizing world. Also listed as ESE 325. (CD)
332. Anthropology of Gender. (3h)
Focuses on the difference between sex, a biological category, and gender, its cultural counterpart. An anthropological perspective is used to understand both the human life cycle and the status of contemporary women and men worldwide. In section one, topics include evolution and biological development, sexuality and reproduction, parenting, and life cycle changes. The second section takes students to diverse locations, including Africa, South Dakota, China, India, and the Amazon for a cross-cultural comparison examining roles, responsibilities, and expectations, and how these interact with related issues of class and race. (CD)
333. Language and Gender. (3h)
Uses an anthropological perspective to examine relationships between language structure, language use, persons, and social categories. Also listed as LIN 333.
336. Myth, Ritual, and Symbolism. (3h)
Explores how people envision and manipulate the super-natural in cross-cultural perspective. Emphasizes functional aspects of religious beliefs and practices. Also listed as REL 304. P—ANT 111 or 112 or 114, or POI. (CD)
337. Economic Anthropology. (3h)
Examines the relationship between culture and the economy and its implications for applied anthropology. The variable nature and meaning of economic behavior is examined in societies ranging from non-industrial to post-industrial. Discusses the impact of economic development programs, foreign aid and investment, technology transfer, and a variety of other economic aid programs. P—ANT 111 or 112 or 113 or 114, or POI.
339. Culture and Nature. (3h)
Explores humanity’s “place” in the cosmos, focusing on different worldviews of nature and culture. Case studies from anthropology, archaeology, and environmental science examine conceptions of technology, resources, environment, and ownership in the context of environmental change, “natural” disasters, and resource scarcity. (CD)
355. Language and Culture. (3h)
Covers theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of language and culture, including: semiotics, structuralism, ethnoscience, the ethnography of communication, and sociolinguistics. Topics include: linguistic relativity; grammar and worldview; lexicon and thought; language use and social inequality; language and gender; and other areas. (CD)
361. Evolution of Human Behavior. (3h)
The application of Darwinian principles to the study of human nature and culture. Considers the existence, origin, and manifestation of human behavioral universals and the theoretical and practical implications of individual variability.
362. Medical Anthropology. (3h)
Examines the impact of Western medical practices and theory on Western and non-Western cultures and anthropological contributions to the solving of world health problems. Service learning. P—ANT 111 or 112 or 114, or POI. (CD)
363. Primate Behavior and Biology. (3h)
Examines the evolution and adaptations of the order Primates. Considers the different ways that ecology and evolution shape social behavior. Special emphasis on the lifeways of monkeys and apes.
366. Human Evolution. (3h)
The paleontological evidence for early human evolution, with an emphasis on the first five million years of bio-cultural evolution.
385, 386. Special Problems Seminar. (3h, 3h)
Intensive investigation of current scientific research within the discipline. Concentrates on problems of contemporary interest.

Area
111. Peoples and Cultures of the World. (3h)
Representative ethnographic survey of world cultures, including hunting-gathering, kin-based, and agricultural societies, as well as ethnic groups in complex societies. (CD, D)
111G. Peoples and Cultures of the World. (3h)
Same as ANT 111, but includes coverage of the relationship between geography and culture. Meets the geography requirement for teaching licensure candidates. (CD, D)
313. Tradition, Continuity, and Struggle: Mexico and Central America. (3h)
Acquaints students with the lives and struggles of indigenous and non-indigenous people of Mexico and neighboring countries, with special focus on the Maya. Includes the study of contemporary and prehispanic traditions, including Mayan cosmology, language, art and architecture, issues of contact during Spanish colonization, and current political, economic, health, and social issues affecting these areas today. (CD)
334. Peoples and Cultures of South Asia. (3h)
Surveys the peoples and cultures of the Indian subcontinent in the countries of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Reviews major topics of interest to anthropologists, including prehistory, history and politics, religion, social organization, caste, gender, development, and population. (CD)
358. Native Peoples of North America. (3h)
Ethnology and ethnohistory of the indigenous peoples and cultures of North America since European contact. P—ANT 111 or 112 or 114, or POI. (CD)
370. Old World Prehistory. (3h)
Survey of Old World prehistory, with particular attention to geological and climatological events affecting culture change. P—ANT 112 or POI. (CD)
374. Prehistory of North America. (3h)
The development of culture in North America, as outlined by archaeological research, with an emphasis on paleoecology and sociocultural processes. P—ANT 112 or POI. (CD)
377. Ancestors, Indians, Immigrants: A Southwest Cultural Tapestry. (3h)
Explores factors that shaped the lives of people in the Southwest with attention to Native American and Hispanic experience. From kivas to casinos, coyotes to cartels, it links archaeological and prehispanic history to contemporary lifeways in the canyons, deserts, and cities of the U.S./North Mexico. Also listed as HMN 268. (CD)

Department of Anthropology
1834 Wake Forest Road
Winston-Salem, NC 27106
336.758.5945
Email all inquiries to Rosemary McCarthy
mccartjr@wfu.edu