First Year Seminars
FYS 100. The Great War and the Shaping of the Modern World. (3h). MWF 11:00-11:50 in A-104. Thomas.
FYS 100. Mystery of Qi: Traditional Chinese Perspectives on Mind, Body and Personal Well-Being. (3h). TR 9:30-10:45 in A-104. Zhang. This seminar investigates how cultural constructs inform the ways in which people think about, experience and govern their bodies. In particular, we will examine the conceptions of Qi (Ch’i), primordial or vital energy, in classical Chinese cosmology and medicine and the critical roles they played in the development of Chinese food culture, a variety of therapeutic methods, religious practices, styles of artistic performance, visual and literary representations of the body, and the martial arts traditions. We will highlight the distinctive features of the Chinese Qi-centered view of the body through comparisons with those in classical Greek medicine and modern biomedicine. We will also explore the scientific and epistemological issues involved in the efforts by modern laboratory scientists to capture and measure Qi. This course will be an interdisciplinary exercise drawing on the analytical tools from anthropology, the history of science, art history, literary studies, philosophy and religion.
100 Level Courses
102A. Europe and the World in the Modern Era. (3h). MWF 9:00-9:50 in A-103. Rupp. This course provides a survey of European history in the modern era. Broad themes addressed in the course include the following: differing forms of government and the principles upon which they have been based; the role of ideas in influencing historical change; the impact of social structures and struggles on forms of political power; and the rights and powers of the individual and how these have been defined relative to the community and the state. (CD, D)
102B. Europe and the World in the Modern Era. (3h). MWF 9:00-9:50 in A-102. Thomas. Survey of modern Europe from 1700 to the present. (CD, D)
102C. Europe and the World in the Modern Era. (3h). TR 9:30-10:45 in B-117. Hughes. Europe was backward and poor, compared to China, India, and the Middle East, as late as the 17th and even 18th centuries. But in the late 19th century it dominated and strongly influenced the world. Brutal wars, 1914-1918 and 1939-1945, dramatically eroded its influence, as did economic development elsewhere in the world. Yet it still remains rich and powerful. Moreover, the Untied States derived its major institutions and values from its European origins. This course will examine the ways in which Europe, in no small part through its interactions with the rest of the world, developed and exported, and other parts of the world in turn appropriated and adapted, the key ideologies and institutions that characterize the world in which we live. We will talk about intellectual movements, economic development and competition, and political institutions and cultures; about bureaucracies, markets, corporations, trade unions, political parties, and social movements. We’ll start in the 17th century and end with the collapse of communism and beginnings of our current, post-Cold War, world. (CD, D)
102D & 102E. Europe and the World in the Modern Era. (3h). WF 9:30-10:45 & 11:00-12:15. A-305. Koscak. This course explores the history of modern Europe, beginning with the crisis of the seventeenth century through the collapse of communism and the shift toward European political integration in the twenty-first century. Emphasis is placed on cross-cultural interactions and exchanges that were and continue to be essential to European development. We will explore the global connections that enabled technological, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural change—resulting in, for example, the creation of worldwide trade networks, the development of industry, and the spread of ideas about natural rights and democratic revolution. We will also question how these changes coexisted with exploitative systems like slavery, imperialism, class-based inequality, and authoritarianism that resulted in conflict and continue to impact European society. This survey will help you develop the tools of the historian, and students will participate in the process of history writing through the critical analysis of primary and secondary sources. (CD, D)
102F. Europe and the World in the Modern Era. (3h). TR 12:30-1:45. A-102. Sinanoglou. This course offers an introduction to the history of Europe from the Old Regime to the early twenty-first century. We explore social, economic, political, cultural and intellectual history, engaging with themes such as the structures and functions of government and society, the role of international relations in shaping domestic, regional and global politics, the relationship of people to modes of production and consumption, the influence of ideas on political, economic and social life, and the position of individuals in relation to communities and states. (CD, D)
103A. World Civilizations to 1500. (3h). TR 11:00-12:15. A-208. Zhang. This course surveys the evolution of world civilizations from around 3500 BCE to 1500 CE. Within a roughly chronological framework, it seeks to highlight the broad patterns of development among major human communities, especially those on the Eurasian continent and in Africa, with respect to their political and social institutions, economic life, values, intellectual traditions and religious beliefs. (CD,D)
105A. Africa in World History. (3h). MWF 2:00-2:50. A-208. Plageman. While popular imagination suggests that the African continent has been isolated from history and historical events, this course examines Africa and Africans as central to the development of the wider world. Throughout the duration of the semester, we will analyze how Africans have influenced and were influenced by global events, particularly in the regions of the Mediterranean Sea, Indian Ocean, and expanding Atlantic World. Major themes include the emergence and interrelations of early civilizations, the spread of Christianity and Islam, expanding networks of economic exchange, and migration. The course places major emphasis on slavery, the Trans-Atlantic, Trans-Saharan and Indian Ocean slave trades, and the creation of the African Diaspora. After establishing Africa’s centrality to the emergence of the modern world, the class examines how Africans and peoples of African descent experienced and shaped major historical events and periods of the recent past. (CD, D)
107A & 107B. The Middle East and the World. (3h). TR 2:00-3:15 and 3:30-4:45. A-102. Perrier. Examines in its global context the history of the Middle East and Islamic civilization from the seventh century to the twentieth century. We will consider in turn the struggle of the early Muslim community to define itself against the older monotheistic religions; the phenomenal spread of Muslim institutions and customs across Afro-Eurasia; the complex and multi-sided interactions of religious communities during the European Crusades and Turco-Mongol migrations; the resurgence of Middle Eastern geo-political power under the last Muslim empires (1500-1800); and finally, after 1800 the economic and political ascendancy of Europe and the varied political, social, and intellectual responses of Middle Eastern peoples to that challenge. Key themes include orientalism and the Western representation of other cultures; the variety and evolution of social and political compacts or constitutions; and the cross-cultural reception of ideas, commodities, and technologies. (CD, D)
108A. The Americas and the World. (3h). TR 11:00-12:15. A-103. Blee. Thematically this course focuses on both the macrohistories of economies and societies, and the microhistories of materials and individuals. Course readings – a combination of scholarly texts, historical documents, autobiographies, and shorter first-person accounts – follow the social, cultural, economic, and political evolutions in North America, South America, and the Caribbean. Overall, the course content explores the tensions between broad historical trends and individuals’ stories; such an approach leads us to understand the diverse ways in which people viewed their world, their singular and collective power to change it, and the larger structures of power that limited or supported their actions. (CD, D)
108B. The Americas and the World. (3h). WF 3:30-4:45. A-305. Ruddiman. The nickname of a nation-state, the label for two continents, an idea, and a space where human history careened in a new direction –the history of the Americas, from the last ice age to the present, is one of the movement of people and the creation of new communities, cultures, and identities. This course examines roughly a thousand years of historical change: the rise of American civilizations, the Columbian exchange, colonization and the first globalization, slavery and abolition, revolutions, the rise of new empires, and the contested ideas of citizenship and liberty. (CD, D)
109A & 109D. Asia and the World. (3h). MWF 10:00-10:50 & 12:00-12:50. A-102 and B-117. Hellyer. The course explores how East Asia, chiefly China, Japan and Korea, have interacted with the outside world from 1500 to the present. It considers East Asian views of Europe and the US, the nature of early modern commercial and diplomatic relations, the adoption of new technologies and Christianity in East Asia, East Asian “modernization” in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, WWII in East Asia, communism and socialism, and rapid economic development in the region since WWII. (CD, D)
109B & 109C. Asia and the World. (3h). TR 2:00-3:15 & 3:30-4:45. A-103. Rahman. This course takes a thematic approach to the history of Asia and its connections with global history. Primarily focusing on South, Southeast, and East Asia, the aim of this course is to appreciate the diversity within Asia and understand the history of this continent as linked with world history. Although we cover different time periods, our focus largely remains confined to the last five centuries. What are the different societies and traditions within Asia? What have been their contributions to the world? What historical incidents have linked Asia to the rest of the world? Such questions are considered to explore the political, economic, social, and cultural history of Asia and its interactions with the outside world. Specific topics will include different religious traditions, imperialism, global trade and commerce, the Indian Ocean, cross-cultural interactions, modernization, nationalism, and decolonization movements.
111A. Ancient World Civilizations. (3h). WF 9:30-10:45. A-208. Lerner. This course surveys the social, political and cultural development of a variety of world civilizations from their inception to c. 1500 CE. The focus concerns a detailed analysis of those civilizations, which represent the most spectacular example of social formation: the relationship between the individual and deity as a religious expression; the relationship between society and nature as a philosophical dilemma; and the relationship between the individual and society as a cultural and political manifestation. In each case, the unifying theme we shall explore is how these peoples organized themselves politically, economically, and socially as a response to their particular geographical and environmental condition. We shall see that the legacy of these civilizations is one of cultural syncretism manifested in the diversity and complexity of their traditions and ideas. (CD, D)
112A & 112B. Big History: A History of the Cosmos and Humanity’s Place In it. (3h). TR 8:00-9:15 & 9:30-10:45. A-102. Williams. This is not Mom’s or Dad’s history course. If you want to know what you are and where you came from, come along on a 13.8 billion year journey that draws on the sciences, social sciences, and history to learn why Carl Sagan called us “stardust contemplating the stars.” In this course we will learn how the physical, social, and mental worlds we inhabit came to be and how we might integrate disciplines that usually remain unconnected; this course will appeal to students interested in history but also the sciences and social sciences, and especially to any students who want to see how the pieces of their education fit together. (CD, D)
113A. Health, Disease and Healing in World History. (3h). MWF 10:00-10:50. A-103. Caron. This course examines political, economic, and cultural responses to sickness and disease in global historical context, paying particular attention to the intersection of religion and healing, as well as race, class, and gender, in ancient, medieval, early modern, pre-colonial, colonial, and post-colonial societies. (D)
200 Level Courses
257A. The U.S. and the World, 1914-2003. (3h). TR 11:00-12:15. A-102. Coates. The second half of a two-semester survey of U.S. foreign relations. Major topics explore the economic, political, cultural and social currents linking the U.S. to Europe, Africa, Latin America, the Middle East and Asia between 1914 and 2003. Particular attention is given to the influence of the international system—ranging from hot and cold wars, to decolonization, economic interdependence and transnational businesses and institutions—on U.S. diplomacy, commerce, and domestic politics and culture.
259A. Revolutionary America. (3h). WF 2:00-3:15. A-305. Ruddiman. The American Revolution was a social and political process that converted British colonists into insurgents and then into revolutionaries. It united a cluster of disparate colonies into a confederation with a common cause. This course will examine the mentalities and actions of both rebellious and loyal colonial men and women, the experiences among the elite, middling, and lower ranks of society, and the choices made by Native American nations and enslaved African-Americans. Examining the political, economic, social, cultural, and military developments of the Revolutionary period reveals the complicated nature of this nation’s founding, as well as what that generation achieved and failed to complete.
269A. African History since 1850. (3h). MWF 12:00-12:50. A-102. Plageman. This course is an overview of African history, beginning with the period following the abolition of the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade and ending with contemporary challenges of independent African nations. It emphasizes sub-Saharan African perspectives, initiatives, and historical agency. (CD)
300 Level Courses
305A. Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. (3h). TR 12:30-1:45. A-103. O’Connell. The cultures that flourished on the Iberian peninsula between the years 700 and 1700 were extremely diverse and contained often contradictory tendencies. Hailed by many as a haven of toleration and an example of co-existence between Christians, Jews, and Muslims in the medieval period, early modern Spain and Portugal were bastions of Catholic orthodoxy and the Inquisition. Iberians were at the forefront of global exploration and discovery, but Spain’s empire by the seventeenth century had fallen behind its English and Dutch competitors. This course is dedicated to examining these seeming paradoxes, looking at the formation of religious, cultural and political identities and the economics of empire in the medieval and early modern period. (CD)
311D. Special Topics: History of the Arab Spring. (3h). MW. 12:30-1:45. A-305. Perrier. (Wider World)
313A. The History of European Jewery from the Middle Ages to the Present. (3h). MWF 11:00-11:50. Rupp. Examines the Jewish historical experience in Europe from the medieval period to the Holocaust and its aftermath. Includes a consideration of social, cultural, economic and political history, and places the particular experience of Jews within the context of changes occurring in Europe from the medieval to the modern period.
315A. Greek History. (3h). WF 12:30-1:45. A-208. Lerner. The course surveys the social and intellectual history of the Ancient Greek World from the eighth to fifth centuries B.C.E. Throughout this period the Greeks developed many ideas and institutions that were new to antiquity. These achievements will be seen as the result of the varied and rich responses of a gifted people to a more complex and changing historical landscape than had existed in the ancient Near East. Though largely new, the Greek experience was not entirely unique. Some of it can be found in the thought and experience of our own civilization: democracy and philosophy, individual character, and the freedom of social choice.
317A. The French Revolution and Napoleonic Empire. (3h). WF 9:30-10:45. B-117. Williams. Revolution and wars that constitute one of the pivotal points in modern history.
325A. English Kings, Queens, and Spectacle. (3h). MW 2:00-3:15. A-103. Koscak. This course is a survey of the ways in which early modern English royal authority was created, legitimized, performed, and challenged through ritual, image, and text. We will adopt a broad and interdisciplinary approach to examine how politics took place across a variety of media forms, including ritual performances, processions, paintings, engravings, books, broadsides, ballads, and newspapers. Topics include: gender and power; court culture; the press and political revolution; popular politics and propaganda; graphic satire; and the commercialization of politics.
339A. Sickness and Health in American History. (3h). MWF 12:00-12:50. A-103. Caron. This course is a broad survey of American sickness and health from the pre-colonial period to the present. Understanding the evolution of medical care provides a basis for comprehending the context of health care in the twenty-first century. We will examine the indigenous healing methods of Native Americans; the introduction of European methods; the development of medical technology; the use of anesthesia; the professionalization of medicine; the rise of medical education; changes in childbirth procedures; health care during war time; the social impact of diseases; the economics of health care; the ethics of human experimentation; sexually transmitted diseases; the continuing allure of homeopathic healing; and reproductive health issues.
350A. World Economic History: Globalization, Wealth and Poverty, 1500-Present. MW 2:00-3:15. A-102. Hellyer. This course explores the growth of globalization and its role in the creation of wealth and poverty in both developed and underdeveloped nations. The class focuses on trade, industrialization, and agricultural and technological advances in global contexts. (CD)
352A. Ten Years of Madness: The Chinese Cultural Revolution, 1966 to 1976. TR 2:00-3:15. A-208. Zhang. This course offers a history of the Chinese Cultural Revolution from 1966 to 1976. The class examines the origins, consequences, and collective memories of the catastrophic political events and the social and cultural transformations that took place in China during the last decade of Mao’s leadership. (CD)
369A. Modern Military History. (3h). MWF. 11:00-11:50. B-117. Hughes. After the Vietnam War, where the US won all the battles but lost the war, the Department of Defense and others began asking how that could have happened. Similarly, Germany is widely held to have had the most competent military force in the world during the first half of the 20th century, yet managed to lose both world wars. This course is designed to help Americans understand how countries actually win wars—by putting military experience in a broader political, economic, cultural, and social context. We will talk about military technology, tactics, and strategy and about battles and wars, but we will always place them within the larger historical context. We can’t understand how the narrowly military elements developed and how and why they were successfully—or unsuccessfully—deployed unless we recognize the complex range of factors that influence both military choices and ultimate outcomes.
370A. Topics in North Carolina History. (3h). W 2:30-5:00. A-104. Blee. This class will research and write Winston-Salem’s musical history and propose an exhibit on the topic for the New Winston Museum. Throughout the semester, students will conduct original research and oral history interviews with musicians and local venue owners while working in collaboration with curators at the city’s modern history museum. Students will consider how music brings people together (or does not) and how it has shaped this community over time. By the end of the semester, students will propose an interpretive exhibit based on their research for display at the New Winston Museum during the summer of 2016. This course will be of particular interest to those who want to know more about local history, music and performance, oral history, and curating museum exhibits.
381A. Religious Utopias and the American Experience. (3h). R 3:30-6:00. Wing 201. Frank. Religious groups of many different origins have found in North America an open space for creating settlements that would embody their ideals. This course surveys a range of such eighteenth- and nineteenth-century communities, including Moravians, Rappites, Shakers, and the Oneida and Amana colonies.
385A. History through Film: Bollywood and the Making of Modern India. (3h) TR 11:00-12:15. A-104. Rahman. This course juxtaposes historical films made by the world’s largest film industry based out of Bombay/Mumbai with textual primary sources and secondary historical works and seeks to understand films as both interpretations and sources of history. Explores specific themes such as nation, gender, caste, and community that are critical to understanding modern Indian and South Asian history and culture. (CD)
390A. Research Seminar: Decolonization in the Twentieth Century. (4h). T 2:00-4:30. B-116. Sinanoglou. At the start of World War II in 1939, approximately one-third of the world’s population lived under European colonial rule. By the end of the twentieth century, that number had dropped to less than one percent. This research seminar takes as its focus the process of decolonization in the twentieth century, comparing and contrasting the end of European empires in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean. Themes addressed in the readings include the roles of violent and non-violent resistance, European domestic politics and international agreements, cultural imperialism and post-colonial immigration. We ask why decolonization was sudden in some places and protracted in others, consensual and relatively peaceful in certain territories and explosively divisive in others. The course includes an examination of the legacy of empire and decolonization in the contemporary world, and of the persistence of imperialism in the twenty-first century.
390B. Research Seminar: U.S. & Empire. (4h). R 2:00-4:30. A-104. Coates.
390C. Research Seminar: Crusades & Crusading. (4h). T 3:30-6:00. A-104. O’Connell.
391A Honors Seminar. (3h). T 6:00-8:30. Gillespie. Required for majors in History who are seeking departmental honors, this particular seminar examines the philosophy of history and the development of different methods of practicing history. We will also seek to understand history’s relationship with other academic disciplines and its role in a liberal arts curriculum.
392. Individual Research. (3h). Writing of a major research paper. May be taken in lieu of HST 390. P—POI.
395. Internship In History. (1-3h). Internship in the community that involves both hands-on experience and academic study. Juniors and seniors only. P—POI.
397. Historical Writing Tutorial. (1.5h). Individual supervision of historical writing to improve a project initiated in History 390 or History 392. Does not count toward major or minor requirements. P—POI.
398. Individual Study. (1h-3h). Project for a qualified student in an area of study not otherwise available in the department; subject to approval. Work must be equivalent to an upper-level course. P—POI.
399. Directed Reading. (1h-3h). Concentrated reading in an area of study not otherwise available. P—POI
The complete schedule is available here for download.