The Latin American and Latino Studies Program at Wake Forest University provides students with the opportunity to undertake a multidisciplinary study of the history, geography, economics and politics of Latin America and the Caribbean.
Minor in Latin American and Latino Studies
Students who have earned fifteen credit hours through Program-approved courses are eligible to attain a minor in Latin American and Latino Studies. Only three of the fifteen hours, however, may be counted towards the students major and students must enroll in the introductory course offered by the program, LAS 210. No more than six hours may be taken in a single discipline. Additionally, students must demonstrate proficiency in Spanish or Portuguese either by completing a literary Spanish course or by undergoing an oral proficiency interview with a member of the faculty of the Department of Romance Languages.
A complete list of Program-approved courses is provided below. The topic of courses marked with an asterisk change by semester and will, thus, only be approved if the subject matter of the course during the specific semester in which it is taken is related to Latin American and Latino issues.
Please note that the required LAS 210 course is taught once a year, usually only in the Fall semester. Minors should, therefore, plan accordingly.
For an updated list of approved courses available this semester, please visit the Current Offerings section of the website.
Latin American and Latino Studies Program (LAS)
210. Introduction to Latin American and Latino Studies.
Introduces the historical, economic, cultural and social issues that shape Latin America and affect Latinos in the U.S. Please note that this course is taught once a year, only in the Fall semesters. As this is a required course for the minor, students should plan accordingly. 3 credit hours.
310. Special Topics in Latin American and Latino Studies.
Course topics vary from year to year. 3 credit hours.
398. Individual Study.
Reading, research, or internship course designed to meet the needs and interests of selected students, to be carried out under the supervision of a faculty member in the Latin American and Latino studies minor. Prior faculty approval required. 3 credit hours.
Department of Anthropology (ANT)
301. Free Trade, Fair Trade: Global Entrepreneurs in the Global Market.
Field-based seminar compares the barriers to market participation experienced by independent entrepreneurs cross-culturally. Free trade policies are contrasted with fair trade practices to determine why so many independent producers have trouble succeeding in a globalizing world. Also listed as ESE 325. 3 credit hours.
313. Tradition, Continuity and Struggle: Mexico and Central America.
Acquaints students with the lives and struggles of indigenous and non-indigenous people of Mexico and neighboring countries, with special focus on the Maya. Includes the study of contemporary and prehispanic traditions, including Mayan cosmology, language, art and architecture, issues of contact during Spanish colonization, and current political, economic, health and social issues affecting these areas today. 3 credit hours.
342. Development Wars: Applying Anthropology.
Explores the application of anthropological concepts and methods in the understanding of contemporary problems stemming from cultural diversity, including competing social and economic development models and ideologies of terror. Emphasizes conflict and change in developing areas but also considers the urban experience. 3 credit hours.
383, 384. Field Research in Cultural Anthropology.
Integrated training in archaeological field methods and analytical techniques for researching human prehistory. Students learn archaeological survey, mapping, excavation, recording techniques and artifact and ecofact recovery and analysis. Students must have taken ANT 111, 112, 113, or 114 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
385, 386. Special Problems Seminar.*
Intensive investigation of current scientific research within the discipline. Concentrates on problems of contemporary interest. 3 credit hours.
Department of Biology (BIO)
349. Tropical Biodiversity.
Intensive field course in tropical biodiversity. Students travel to major tropical biomes, including deserts, glaciated peaks and rain forests. Lectures emphasize the basic ecological principles important in each ecosystem; laboratories consist of student-designed field projects. Course location varies yearly. Offered in the summer only. Students must have taken BIO 112 and 113 and must have received prior faculty approval. 4 credit hours.
Department of Economics (ECN)
251. International Trade.
Development of the theory of international trade patterns and prices and the effects of trade restrictions such as tariffs and quotas. Students must have taken ECN 205. 3 credit hours.
252. International Finance.
Study of foreign exchange and Eurocurrency markets, balance of payments and macroeconomic policy in open economies. Students must have taken ECN 201, 205 and 207. 3 credit hours.
258. Economic Growth and Development.
Study of the problems of economic growth, with particular attention to the less developed countries of the world. Students must have taken ECN 205 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
Department of English (ENG)
357. Studies in Chicano(a) Fiction.
Writings by Americans of Mexican descent in relation to politics and history. Readings in literature, literary criticism and socio-cultural analysis. Also listed as AES 357. 3 credit hours
Department of History (HST)
104. World Civilizations since 1500.*
Survey of the major civilizations of the world in the modern and contemporary periods. Focus varies with instructor. Credit cannot be received for both 101 and 103 or 102 and 104. 3 credit hours.
108. The America’s and the World.
Examines North, Central and South America in global perspectives from premodern times to the present with particular attention to political, economic, social and cultural developments and interactions. 3 credit hours.
273. History of Mexico.
Examination of the history of Mexico from the colonial period to the present. 3 credit hours.
275. Modern Latin America.
Survey of Latin American history since independence, with emphasis on the 20th century. Concentrates chiefly on economics, politics and race. 3 credit hours.
284. Latin America’s Colonial Past.
Studies the history of Latin America’s colonial past from the preconquest background to the wars of independence in the early 19th century. 3 credit hours.
311. Special Topics in History.*
Subject varies with instructor. 3 credit hours.
355. History of Nature Conservation in Latin America.
Explores the human dimensions of nature conservation in Latin America in a global perspective. Topics include the methods used by different cultures and societies to conserve natural resources (including forests, fields, waterways, and wildlife), the social consequences of environmental protection, and how conservation changed over time. 3 credit hours.
374. Protest and Rebellion in Latin America.
Study of the history of protest movements and rebellions in Latin America from primitive and agrarian revolts to mass working class and socialist organizations. 3 credit hours.
390. Research Seminar in History.*
Offered by members of the faculty on topics of their choice. A paper is required. 3 credit hours.
Humanities Program (HMN)
183. The Contemporary Argentine Experience.
Social, political, cultural, and environmental factors of life in Argentina today. Taught in Argentina only. 1.5 credit hours.
186. The Contemporary Chilean Experience.
Social, political, cultural, and environmental factors of life in Chile Today. Taught in Chile only. 1.5 credit hours.
216. Romance Literature.*
Texts studied are by such authors as Boccaccio, Calderón, Flaubert, Machado de Assis, Gide and Lampedusa. 3 credit hours.
222. African and Caribbean Literature.
Examination of the negritude movement and the negro-African novel. Texts studied are by such authors as Aimé Césaire, Léopold Senghor, Ousmane Sembène and Mariama Bâ. 3 credit hours.
384. Hispanic Cinema.
Examines major films from the Hispanic world as cinematographic art and as expressions of political, social and cultural issues. 3 credit hours.
International Development and Policy Program (IDP)
150. Introduction to International Development.
Evaluation of the major contending theories of international development. The role of major multilateral institutions in policy choices. Critical analysis of current international development issues such as poverty reduction, debt, sustainability, women in development, population growth, hunger and health and education. Course offered only in the Fall. Students must have taken ECN 150. 3 credit hours.
Department of Music (MUS)
210. Survey of Latin American Music.
Survey of art, folk and popular musical styles in Latin America and their impact on music of other cultures. Divided into three areas of study: the Caribbean, Central America and South America. 3 credit hours.
Department of Political Science (POL)
210. Topics in U.S. Politics and Policy.
Intensive study of one or more major problems in contemporary U.S. politics and policy. Credit only given when topic is Latino Political Behavior. 3 credit hours.
236. Government and Politics in Latin America.
Comparative analysis of the institutions and processes of politics in the Latin American region. 3 credit hours.
240. Human Rights in Latin America.
Looks at the policy dilemmas that both restored and new democracies face when dealing with past human rights violations and how they engage in restructuring the domain of human rights in a changed global environment. Case studies focus primarily on Latin America within a comparative framework. 3 credit hours.
242. Topics in Comparative Politics.*
Intensive study of one or more major problems in contemporary comparative politics. Course may be retaken for credit if topic varies. 3 credit hours.
257. Inter-American Relations.
Examines the history and contemporary challenges of relations among the nations of the Americas, including intervention and sovereignty, migration, drugs, economic relations and contemporary foreign policy. 3 credit hours.
300. Senior Seminar in Political Science.*
Readings and research on selected topics. 4 credit hours.
Department of Romance Languages
111, 112. Elementary Portuguese.
Two-semester sequence designed to help students develop the ability to understand and speak Portuguese and also learn to read and write Portuguese at the elementary level. Labs required. Students must complete both courses to receive three hours toward the minor.
113. Intensive Elementary Portuguese.
Intensive introduction to Portuguese designed to help students develop the ability to understand and speak Portuguese and also learn to read and write Portuguese at the elementary level. Students must have received prior faculty approval. 4 credit hours.
154. Accelerated Intermediate Portuguese.
Intensive intermediate-level course offers the opportunity to develop further reading, writing and conversation skills and prepare for oral and written discussion of readings. Labs required. Students must have taken PTG 113 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
212. Exploring the Lusophone World.
Explores significant cultural expressions from the Portuguese-speaking world. Emphasizes the development of competence in speaking, reading and writing Portuguese and on understanding how particular Lusophone societies have defined themselves. Students must have taken PTG 153 or 154 or the equivalent. 3 credit hours.
318. Literary and Cultural Studies of Spanish America.
Study of selected major works of Spanish-American literature within their historical and cultural contexts. Emphasis is on these contexts, including political structures, intellectual currents, art, music and film, to promote understanding of Spanish America’s historical development. Same as SPA 218. Students must have taken a 200-level course Spanish or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
319. Grammar and Composition.
Systematic study of Spanish morphology, sentence structure and expository usage applied to various kinds of composition: description, narration, argumentation, etc. Same as SPA 219. Students must have taken a 200-level Spanish course or the equivalent. 4 credit hours.
319L. Grammar and Composition for Heritage Speakers of Spanish.
For heritage speakers who are competent in spoken Spanish. Systematic study of Spanish word formation, sentence structure and expository usage applied to various kinds of composition. Emphasizes vocabulary enhancement, exposure to formal registers and other varieties of Spanish, as well as intensive writing practice and improvement of students’ reading skills. Same as SPA 219L. Students must have taken a 200-level Spanish course or the equivalent and must have received prior faculty approval. 4 credit hours.
323. Advanced Grammar and Composition.
Advanced-level review of Spanish morphology and syntax applied to the refinement of writing techniques. Same as SPA 319. Students must have taken SPN 319 or SPN 319L or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
351. Transatlantic Renaissance.
Study of the Spanish Golden Age period by reading and analyzing relevant peninsular and colonial texts within the broader political, social and cultural contexts of the Spanish presence in the New World. Exposure to recent critical perspectives in early modern cultural studies. Same as SPA 348. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
354. Transatlantic Enlightenment.
Study of the Enlightenment in Spain and Spanish America through analysis of texts within broader cultural and political contexts. Readings include primary sources from the 17th through 19th centuries and secondary sources from the late 18th century through current critical reexaminations of the concept of Enlightenment. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
360. Colonial Spanish America.
Explores the early Spanish-American colonial period alongside contemporary intellectuals’ attempt to return to and recover this historical past. Readings include 15th- and 16th-century codices, post-conquest indigenous writings, Iberian chronicles and letters, as well as 20th-century documents. Same as SPA 367. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
361. Cultural and Literary Identity in Latin America: From Colonial to Post Colonial Voices.
Study of a variety of texts from the 18th and 19th centuries dealing with political emancipation, nation-building and construction of continental identity. Same as SPA 360. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
362. Romantic Nationalism, Avant-garde Nihilism, and the Deconstruction of Utopia.
Study of Latin American poetry, including symbolist, surrealist, and conversational poetry, “happenings” and artistic manifestoes. Politics, nation-building, liberation theology, and love are common themes. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
363. Imagined “White” Nations: Race and Color in Latin America.
Study of anti-slavery narratives, 19th-century scientific racism and 20th-century Negritude and “negrismo” movements. Explores race, the stratification of color and ethnic images in Latin American literature and culture. Same as SPA 369. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
364. Transgressing Borders: Identity in Latin American and U.S. Latino Cultures.
Sociohistorical study of theories on culture, sexual politics, and race in relation to literary texts, lyrics of popular music and art of Latin America and the diaspora. Same as SPA 351. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
365. 20th-Century Spanish-American Theatre.
Study of major dramatic works from various Latin American countries. Same as SPA 363. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
366. Latin-American Cinema and Ideology.
Examines major Latin-American films as cinematographic expressions of social and political issues. Same as SPA 361. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
367. The Social Canvas of Gabriel García Márquez and Pablo Neruda.
Explores the techniques used by two Nobel Prize-winning writers to create a literary vision of Latin America. Attention to humor, surrealism and the grotesque, and both writers’ assimilation of personal anxieties to their portrayal of a social world. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
368. Spanish-American Short Story.
Intensive study of the 20th-century Spanish-American short story with emphasis on major trends and representative authors, such as Quiroga, Rulfo, Borges, Cortázar, Donoso, and García Marquéz. Same as SPA 364. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
369. Spanish-American Novel.
Study of the novel in Spanish America from its beginning through the contemporary period. Same as SPA 365. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
370C. Cuban Literature.
Study of Cuban literature from the 18th century to the present: romanticism, modernism, naturalism, the avant-garde movement and the post-Revolutionary period. Same as SPA 368C. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior approval from the director of the Cuba program. 3 credit hours.
372. Spanish-American Theatre: From Page to Stage.
Study of the transition of a dramatic work from text to performance and the role of Spanish-American theatre as a vehicle for cultural values and socio-political issues. Includes rehearsals for the public staging of selected one-act plays. Proficiency in Spanish and willingness to act on stage are required. Same as SPA 334. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
379. Special Topics in Spanish American Literature and Culture.
Selected special topics in Spanish-American literature and culture. May be repeated for credit. Same as SPA 387. Students must have taken SPN 317 or 318 or must have received prior faculty approval. 1.5 or 3 credit hours.
387. Spanish for Business.
Introduces economic and business concepts, Hispanic business culture and economic analysis of Spanish-speaking countries. Develops oral and written competency in business contexts through presentations, business writing, exams and case study analysis. Same as SPA 329. Students must have taken ECN 150 and SPN 319 or must have received prior faculty approval. 3 credit hours.
Women’s and Gender Studies Program (WGS)
377. Special Topics.*
Includes such women’s and gender studies topics as gender issues in the 21st century, Jewish-American women writers, African-American women writers, women and aging, critical approaches to women’s issues and the emergence of feminist thought. May be repeated for credit if topic differs. 1.5, 2.5, or 3 credit hours.