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Wake Forest University

Philosophy Department

Fall 02 Courses

PHI 111 - Basic Problems of Philosophy

FYS 100 - Contemporary Moral Issues
Eric Brandon
MW 4:00-5:15 p.m.
Tribble A307

FYS 100 - Philosophy and Physics
Ralph Kennedy and Daniel Kim-Shapiro
TR - 1:30-2:45 p.m.
Tribble A307
Is all truth relative, contingent on social and historical factors? Does it make sense to speak of what is "real", independently of what anybody says or thinks? Is objectivity ever a reasonable goal? We will consider these philosophical questions with reference to natural science generally and quantum mechanics in particular, a field which poses acute challenges for traditional understandings of reality and objectivity.

PHI 121 -Logic
Marcus Hester
TR - 9:30-10:45 a.m.
Tribble Hall A307
This course on elementary logic is oriented to students with other interests in addition to interest in pure philosophy, for example, to students intending to go to law, business or medical school. Thus it emphasizes translating and formulating arguments in ordinary English instead of a hybrid language of English and logic. However, philosophical and theoretical issues are discussed--for example the nature of causation and contrary to-fact-conditionals (conditionals such as "Stonewall Jackson would not have been a great general if Lee had not been commanding general of the Confederate Army"). Further, arguments intended to establish their conclusion with probability are studied as well as arguments intended to establish an airtight link between premises and conclusion.

PHI 161 - Medical Ethics
Hannah Hardgrave
TR - 12:00-1:15 p.m.
Tribble Hall B313
Stories in the media about cloning, embryo research, physician-assisted suicide, artificial organs, and the inequities of managed care are all about issues in medical ethics. These issues (and others) and the responses to them will be the focus of this course. Case studies, including films, will be the means by which the principles and methods of medical ethics are introduced, analyzed, and subjected to critical evaluation.

PHI 232 - Ancient & Medieval Philosophy
Marcus Hester
MWF- 11:00-11:50 a.m.
Tribble Hall B313
Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, because of its scope, has to center on certain philosophers--Aristotle, Augustine and Aquinas--while others are more cursorily treated. Aristotle especially provided the vocabulary of middle and later Medieval Philosophy (1200-1350 A.D.). Medieval Philosophy embodies perhaps the most refined and rigorous analysis of man in relation to God in the history of philosophy. It treated problems such as how we know about God, including proofs of His existence, the relation of faith to reason, and the problem of evil.

PHI 262 - Philosophy of Law
Clark Thompson
T - 7:00-9:30 p.m.
Tribble Hall A307
An examination and evaluation of some basic legal practices and principles of Anglo-American law. Topics will include the nature and extent of legal liability, strict liability, the legal enforcement of morality, and capital punishment. After a brief overview of two major ethical theories (Utilitarianism and Kantianism), the readings divide into three main categories: general principles of criminal liability; what to criminalize; and punishment. We shall examine prominent legal cases and their underlying principles, but the emphasis will be on philosophical analysis and moral evaluation of the law.

PHI 263 - Freedom, Action & Responsibility
Andrew Cross
TR - 1:30-2:45 p.m.
Tribble Hall B313
The course will be devoted to the following issues in the philosophy of action and moral psychology: What is it for action to be free? What is it for action to be voluntary, or intentional? Is freedom of action the same as freedom of will? Would either kind of freedom be jeopardized by the truth of causal determinism (the view that all action is causally determined)? To what extent is either freedom or voluntariness a necessary condition for moral responsibility?
Students will be expected to complete two papers and a mid-term and final (both in-class), as well as to give an oral presentation. Class participation will also be an important factor in the final grade.

PHI 331 - Plato
Charles Lewis
MW - 3:00-4:15 p.m.
Tribble Hall B313
Is there a best or superior way of life? Is an examined life compromised by questioning, provoking doubt and insecurity? Is there a best political form of life? Is there any good reason to fear death? What is love? What account of causation is required by a good explanation of human and of non-human things or states of affairs? Is there any way to know the answers to such questions or are we confined to our opinions? What is the status of religious or poetic answers? What is knowledge and is it something different from well-justified true belief? What is truth?

PHI 342 - Studies in Modern Philosophy
Adrian Bardon
TR - 3:00-4:15 p.m.
Tribble Hall B313

"What, then, is time? If no one asks me, I know what it is. If I wish to explain it to him who asks, I do not know." -Saint Augustine of Hippo
In this course we shall examine views of major Modern (1600-1800) thinkers on the nature of time and time-consciousness. We will begin with a look at Augustine for an early view of time and our awareness of it. Then we will move on to an examination of the treatment of the metaphysics and epistemology of time in the Modern period, with an emphasis on Suarez, Newton, Leibniz, Locke, Hume, and Kant. These thinkers had radically different views on time, and their theories remain deeply relevant to this day. We shall also look at two early 20th century philosophers: Husserl's theory of time-consciousness represents a thoroughly revolutionary view of temporal awareness, as well as a direct attack on both Hume and Kant; McTaggart's famous attack on the reality of temporal passage undermines our commonsense view of time--but Kant may have an answer…. Students will be expected to write a number of short (2 page) essays and a substantial term paper (8-10 pages). Class discussion will be emphasized.

PHI 375 - Philosophy of Language
Dorothea Lotter
TR - 9:30-10:45 a.m.
Tribble Hall B313

This course serves as an introduction to the main issues and theories in twentieth-century philosophy of language, focusing specifically on linguistic phenomena. The course is thematically divided up into four parts. In the first quarter of the semester, we will explore several theories of how proper names, descriptions, and other terms bear a referential relation to non-linguistic objects. In the second quarter we will survey competing theories of linguistic meaning and compare their various advantages and liabilities. Part III introduces the basic concepts of linguistic pragmatics, and in part IV, finally, we will examine linguistic theories of metaphor.
Regular attendance (you shouldn't miss more than three times); active participation in class (including occasional short oral presentations); and two short papers (5-7 pages), one longer final paper (10-12 pages)
William Lycan, Philosophy of Language: A Contemporary Introduction, Routledge 1999. In addition, a reader with a collection of important original sources will be available either at the book store or on reserve in the library.

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Wake Forest
WFU Philosophy Department, P.O.Box 7806, Winston-Salem, NC 27109
Phone: 336-758-5359, Fax:336-758-7183,